This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to analyze a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical additional supply.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing concerning the initial or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the legitimacy for the arguments regarding the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments associated with lens text, or provoke other reevaluation associated with two texts. In any event, you’re going to be producing a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

Because you will fundamentally desire to hone in on points of commonality and discord between your two texts, your order and way where you read them is a must.

First, read the lens text to determine the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it may possibly be useful to develop an overview for the author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a valuable lens essay will “grapple with main some ideas” of this lens text, in place of working with remote quotes that will or may possibly not be indicative for the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly comprehend and certainly will articulate the author’s details before continuing into the target text.

Upcoming, quickly see the target text to build up an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of agreement or disagreement involving the two texts? Which associated with lens text’s main arguments could be reproduced to your target text? It might be more straightforward to concentrate on 1 or 2 regarding the lens text’s arguments that are central.

With your some ideas in your mind, return back and browse the target text very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the next concerns: Exactly what are the primary the different parts of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components into the target text? How can I apply the lens author’s theoretical language or logic to circumstances within the target text? Is there circumstances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It is beneficial to keep a careful, written record of web web page figures, quotes, along with your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this style of paper handles a synthesis that is complex of sources, it really is specially crucial to own an obvious course of action before beginning composing. It may help to cluster quotes or activities by material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or else alter the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will start to emerge and you may begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As the paper involves the interactions that are complex numerous texts, it’s important to explain what you should be doing the introduction. Be sure to demonstrably introduce the lens text as well as its arguments that are specific would be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text as well as its certain themes or occasions you will end up handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some form of thesis declaration. Though there aren’t any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, make certain it states the points of relationship you’re going to be speaking about, and describes exactly what your critical or theoretical analysis of this target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing the human body

The human body is where you use particular arguments through the lens text to particular quotes or circumstances into the target text. In each situation, remember to discuss just exactly what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or the other way around). Utilize the lens text’s language and framework that is logical examine the prospective text, but remember to be clear about where some ideas when you look at the paper are coming from (the lens text, the mark text, your own personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.

By doing this type of analysis, you may be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your personal tips. As this will be obviously easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show helpful. Inside their guide, they do say, I state, the authors construct numerous templates to aid authors participate in unknown types of critical educational discourse. They encourage students to make use of the templates in almost any ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an analytical access point, then discarding them entirely.

Right right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens essay-specific templates to help you get started:

The author associated with the lens text lays away a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the mark text. Certainly, within the target text, one sees that is______, that could be viewed a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Consequently, we come across a spot of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.

Based on the lens text _______ tends to take place in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text could possibly be considered an example of _______. Nevertheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is correct that ________, you might expect you’ll see ________ in the goal text. Nevertheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a point that is critical of. This discord shows that ________. This dilemma is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions

By this aspect in your essay, you ought to be drawing conclusions regarding exacltly what the lens analysis reveals concerning the texts in concerns, or the wider dilemmas the texts target. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control by which you might be composing. Or in other words, that which was the point of performing your analysis within the beginning? Pleased lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They State, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.